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Academic Sutta Name Notes PSA Plae Vagga Nikaya PTS Keywords
J.544 Mahaanaaradakassapa Jaataka Angati, king of Mithila is a good ruler. One full-moon day, he consults his ministers as to how they shall amuse themselves. Alata suggests new conquests. Sunama suggests finding pleasure in merrymaking. Vijaya recommends that they visit a samana or brahmin. Angati agrees with Vijaya and they visit the ascetic Guna Kassapagotta who preaches that there is no fruit in good or evil. Alata agrees with Guna saying how in a past life he was a wicked councellor called Pingala but subsequently obtained a good birth. Bijaka, a slave, tells how he was once a virtuous man, but is now born as the son of a prostitute. Angati is convinced that Guna’s doctrine is correct a resolves to resort to hedonism. He gives up his kingdom to his ministers and indulges in pleasure for fourteen days. Eventually his virtuous daughter Ruja comes to him asking for 1,000 to give to mendicants. Angati protests at her squandering money -- so his daughter tells him that his councellors are fools, that they only give such advice because they cannot remember past lives beyond the most recent. She tells of her own retribution from adultery that has lasted seven lifetimes. All night she preaches to her father without convincing him, and later is reinforced by the Brahma named Narada Kassapa (the bodhisatva) who comes in the guise of an ascetic who tells him examples of kings who have attained happiness through meritorious lives. The king at last sees the error of his ways and determines to choose new friends. The Jataka is related in reference to Uruvela Kassapa who is converted by the Buddha. The people marvel at the Buddha’s ability in conversion, but the Buddha reveals that it is not the first time. Angati is identified with uruvela Kassapa, Alata with Devadatta, Sunama with Bhaddiya, Vijaya with Sariputta, Bijaka with Moggallana, Guna with the Licchavi Sunakkhatta and Ruja with Ananda. 64//205 Jaataka Khuddhaka J.vi.219ff. hedonism, false view


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Last modified on: Sunday, 2 January 2000.