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Academic Sutta Name Notes PSA Plae Vagga Nikaya PTS Keywords
J.543, Cyp.ii.2 Bhuuridatta Jaataka Prince Brahmadatta, son of the king of Benares, lived on the banks of the Yamuna, exiled from his father’s kingdom. He wore the garb of an ascetic, but his heart was not in the ascetic life, and when a Naga maiden tried to seduce him, he easily succumbed. Their children were Sagara-Brahmadatta and Samuddaja. When the king of Benares died, Brahmadatta returned with his children to the kingdom and his Naga wife returned to the Naga world. While playing about in a lake specially prepared for them, the children of Brahmadatta were frightened by a tortoise. The tortoise was summoned before the king and punished by being thrown in the Yamuna. Caught in a whirlpool, the tortoise was carried to the Naga world of King Dhatarattha, and on questioning has the presence of mind to say he had been sent from Benares to propose marriage between Dhatarattha and Samuddaja. Naga messengers were sent to the Benares court to make arrangements and laid their proposals before the king. The tortoise meanwhile disappeared. Brahmadatta was horrified by the proposals but could not refuse at risk of the total destruction of the city. Samuddaja was taken to the Naga world and had five children, one of whom was the bodhisatva and was later given the name Bhuridatta. Anxious to be born in Sakka’s company, Bhuridatta took uposatha vows and observed the fast coiled around an ant-hill. During one such fast, Bhuridatta was captured by a brahmin Alambayana and a villager. They crushed his bones and travelled about making him dance before large audiences under the power of a charm. He was rescued by his brothers and sisters in a show of miraculous strength which reduced Alambayana to leprosy. The villager was similarly punished but was pardoned on Bhuridatta’s request. The Jataka was related in reference to some laymen of Savatthi who kept the fast diligently. See also Campeyya Jaataka (J.506). 64/001 Jaataka Khuddhaka eight precepts

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