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Academic Sutta Name Notes PSA Plae Vagga Nikaya PTS Keywords
J.421 Ga"ngamaala Jaataka Once the bodhisatva entered service under Suciparivara of Benares, in whose household everyone kept the fast on uposatha days. The Bodhisatva, not knowing this, went to work as usual on the uposatha day, but, on discovering that no-one else was working, and the reason for their abstention, he refused to take any food and as a result of his fasting, died in the night. He was reborn as son of the king of Benares, and later became king under the name of Udaya. On meeting Addhamasaka, Udaya shared the kingdom with him, but one day Addhamasaka, discovering that he harboured a desire to kill Udaya, renounced his kingdom and became an ascetic. When Udaya heard of this, he uttered a stanza referring to his own past life, but no-one could understand the meaning of it. The queen, anxious to learn the meaning, told the kingís barber Gangamala how he might win the kingís favour, and when the king offered him a boon, Gangamala chose to have the stanza explained to him. When he learnt how Udaya had won a kingdom as a result of keeping Eight Precepts for only half a day, Gangamala also renounced the world, and having developed asceticism, became a paccekabuddha. Later he visited King Udaya and preached to him and his retinue, addressing the king by name. The queen-mother took offence at this and abused Gangamala, but the king begged him to forgive her. Gangamala returned to Gandhamadana, though urged by Udaya to stay in the royal park. Ananda was Addhamasaka, and Rahulamata the queen. The story was related by the Buddha to some lay-followers to encourage them in their observance of the Eight Precepts. 59/510 Jaataka Khuddhaka J.iii.444ff. Eight Precepts

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Last modified on: Sunday, 2 January 2000.