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Academic Sutta NameNotes PSA PlaeVaggaNikayaPTSKeywords
A.10_095 Uttiya Sutta Uttiya asks the following questions of the Buddha -- whether: 1. the world is eternal; 2. the world is not eternal; 3. the world is finite; 4. the world is infinite; 5. the soul is the same as the body; 6. the soul and the body are different; 7. the Tathagata is beyond death; 8. the Tathagata is not beyond death; 9. the Tathagata is neither beyond nor not beyond death, and; 10. the Tathagatha is not and neither beyond death. The Buddha declares that he has no comment on any of the ten views mentioned. He declares, "I teach the Dhamma to disciples for the purification of beings and for the overcoming of sorrow and despair and for an end of grief, dejection, for reaching the meaning [naaya] and for realizing Nirvana."
Uttiya asks whether as a result of such a teaching, what proportion of beings in the world will be liberated -- all, half or a third . . . to which the Buddha does not reply. Fearing that Uttiya will misunderstand the Buddha's silence, Aananda explains with a simile of a gatekeeper who guards the only gate of a fortified town -- the gatekeeper has no idea how many creatures enter or leave the town -- all he knows is that if they enter or leave the town, they must enter or leave by that gate. In the same way, the Buddha teaches that if a being is to be liberated, he must banish the Five Hindrances, cultivate the Four Foundations of Mindfulness and the Seven Factors of Enlightenment.
38/311 Dasaka Nipaata, Dutiya Pa.n.naasaka A"nguttara A.i.

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