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Academic Sutta NameNotes PSA PlaeVaggaNikayaPTSKeywords
AN.IV.195 Vappa Sutta Moggallaana teaches that there are four reasons for defilments:
1. physical action;
2. verbal action;
3. thought;
4. ignorance [avijjaa].

One can overcome such defilements by refraining from evil of body, speech, and mind and by cultivating wisdom [vijjaa].
35/490 Catukanipaata Catuttha Pa.n.naasaka A"nguttara A.ii.

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